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    2. 考研帮 > 英语 > 复习经验

      拒绝模板!这些英语作文句式变化技巧,值得收藏

        作文是各类英语考试中得分较低的一种题型,究其原因,除了平时缺少练习之外,同学们还缺乏写作技巧。同学们需要掌握一定的作文模板和熟悉大量的话题作文,纯模板会很僵化缺乏弹性。

        考研英语写作的提高需要大量细节的分析和磨练,其中一个重要的主题是关于英语创作的重要规律--seeking variety (追求语言丰富多变)。如何追求变化?

        一、注意段首句式的变化

        图画作文的段首句往往是"如图所示"或"从图画中可以看出"之类,下面为经常采用的一些句型:

        As is shown in the picture, 和As can be seen from the picture,是经常能看到的首句话,但是模板迹象过于明显,所以应该稍加升级,比如添加一些结构和修饰语:

        It is of considerable interest to see in the bizarre picture that…

        当然还可以添加一些引出话题的句子:

        No one can skip the issue of…(图画表现出来的意图)。Just as what is illustrated in the above drawing,…

        二、适当用被动替换主动

        这样能更客观地反映事实。

        句子开头不要总是用we / I (比如写结尾时不用we should pay attention to而用Attention should be paid to. ) 举个经典结尾的例子:It is, therefore, high time that some applicable approaches were implemented by the service industry like that. By doing so,its competitive edge will be sharpened effectively。

        三、一句话用不同的句式来表达

        为了加强同学们对语法知识在写作中的灵活应用,下面给出一句话的14种句式及语言调整的效果,内容上没有太大差异,但是请同学们仔细辨别每句话所侧重的句式:

        1.使用表语从句

        The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard, and being shocked at the message. The reason is that the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies"。

        2.使用介词短语

        In the picture, two people are reading the announcement and they are being shocked at the message of "a sale of dead bodies" on a billboard。

        3.使用疑问句

        The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. Why are they so shocked? The reason is that the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies"。

        4.使用原因状语从句

        The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. As the billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies", they are shocked at the message。

        5.使用结果状语从句

        The picture shows two people reading the announcement on a billboard. The billboard is advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" so that they are shocked at the message。

        6.使用时间状语从句

        In the picture, while the two people are reading the announcement on the billboard about "a sale of the dead bodies", they are being deeply shocked。

        7.使用分词短语

        In the picture, reading the message of a ‘sale of the dead bodies" advertised on the billboard, the two people are deeply shocked。

        8.使用主动语态

        In the picture, the announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" shocks the two people reading it。

        9.使用There be 结构

        In the picture, there is an announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" and shocking the two people reading it。

        10.使用倒装句

        On a billboard is an announcement advertising a "sale of the dead bodies". The two people reading it are being shocked。

        11.使用定语从句

        In the picture, the announcement on a billboard which advertises a "sale of the dead bodies" shocks the two people reading it。

        12.强调句

        In the picture, it is the announcement on a billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies" that shocks the two people reading it。

        13.虚拟语气

        In the picture, were it not for the announcement on the billboard advertising a "sale of the dead bodies", the two people would not be so shocked。

        14. 尽量复杂作文中的句式

        It is of considerable interest to observe in this bizarre caricature that a couple of citizens, reading an announcement issued on the billboard, are taken aback as a result of the astounding message which informs people of a "sale of dead bodies"。

        句中使用的词组包括:be of considerable interest, a couple of, taken aback, as a result of, inform sb. of

        长句采用的特殊语法包括:宾语从句+分词结构做插入语+分词作后置定语(issued)+被动语态+原因短语+定语从句。

        以上这些句式的七十二般变化有没有让大家眼花缭乱???学会这些再也不用怕和别人“撞文”。拒绝模板,学会句式的变化,你就是英语作文写作中那个最高分的仔!

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